Before Ngorongoro became a conservation area joining the Serengeti, the Maasai roamed the crater floor and before them, Stone Age man had set up home here. Ngorongoro Crater is one of the World’s greatest natural spectacles. The Crater is part of the Ngorongoro Conservation Area that was set up in 1959. The conservation Area covers an area of 8292 km and ranges in altitude of between1,020m and 3587m. The point of attraction in this entire Conservation Area is the Ngorongoro Crater
The steep crater walls opens into a wide caldera 610m-760m deep with a diameter of 21 km, guarded with forests and rolling plains where big game abound the lion, cheetah, rhino, hyena, hippos, pink flamingoes and numerous other birds. Unfortunately, there are no giraffes in the crater since their long spindly legs find the descent into the crater too steep and moreover, there aren’t many acacia in this wonderland. Around 25,000 animals reside in the Crater all year round. The Crater is also a sanctuary for the endangered black rhino. The steep walls of the Crater acts as a natural barrier against poachers.