At 4566m, Mt. Meru is a spectacular classic volcanic cone, formed by the volcanic action associated with the creation of the Great Rift Valley. The circular wall of the summit crater was broken by subsequent thermal explosions to make today's horse-shoe shape, and more recent volcanic activity has created the ash cone that stands inside the crater. Small eruptions have been reported in the last 100 years, indicating that Meru is still not quite extinct.

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